Lviv Lvov Lwow Lemberg Львів Lwów Львов Leopolis L'viv L'vov Halych-Volhynia Galicia Halychyna Galizien Austria Poland USSR Ukraine

When, in 1998, I first started collecting names of famous Leopolitans, I was amazed that my hometown has given rise to many more people, notable in literature, arts, sciences, philosophy and so on, than would be expected for a city of such modest size and population. Many of those people were 'famous everywhere but there city hometown'.

The names below comprise a list of people who were born in Lvov-Lviv-Lwow-Lemberg or whose activities were closely related to this city. Any list of such people is certain to be incomplete, but let's try..

Adam Bruno Ulam

Adam Bruno Ulam

(1922--2000) - Ulam was one of the world's foremost authorities on Russia and the Soviet Union. He wrote 18 books, many of which remain classics in the field. Member of the Harvard faculty from 1947 until his retirement in 1992. Among his students were Robert Kennedy and Henry Kissinger. He emigrated to the United States in 1939, accompanied by his older brother, Stanislaw Marcin Ulam. The two brothers made it out of the country just two weeks before Germany attacked Poland. Their father and elder sister became victims of Hitler's holocaust.

Adam Ulam, a Top Historian Of Soviet Union (CNN)
Adam Ulam, Authority on Russia
Adam Ulam - Biography, List of works

Books
Understanding the Cold War : A Historian's Personal Reflections
Stalin : The Man and His Era
The Bolsheviks: The Intellectual and Political History of the Triumph of Communism in Russia
A History of Soviet Russia
Ideologies and Illusions : Revolutionary Thought from Herzen to Solzhenitsyn
Prophets and Conspirators in Pre-Revolutionary Russia
Expansion and Coexistence : Soviet Foreign Policy, 1917-73
Rivals : America and Russia Since World War Two

Stanislaw Marcin Ulam

Stanislaw Marcin Ulam

(1909-1984) - with his brother Adam Bruno Ulam, came to US in 1936. He was a member of the Manhattan Project, which produced the first atom bomb, 1943-45, and from 1946 collaborated with Edward Teller on the design of the hydrogen bomb, solving the problem of how to ignite the bomb. All previous designs had collapsed. He also devised the 'Monte-Carlo method' widely used in solving mathematical problems using statistical sampling.

Biography
Race for the Superbomb | Stanislaw M. Ulam
Stanislaw Marcin Ulam Papers
Ulam Quarterly Journal
Biography and works from wikipedia

Books
Adventures of a Mathematician by Stanislaw M. Ulam
Mathematics and Logic by Mark Kac, Stanislaw M. Ulam
Science, Computers, and People : From the Tree of Mathematics by Stanislaw M. Ulam, Mark C. Reynolds, Gian-Carlo Rota
Stanislaw Ulam: sets, numbers, and universes; selected works

Stanislaw Lem

Stanislaw Lem

One of the world's most widely read science fiction writers. His works include: The Chain of Chance, One Human Minute, The Cyberiad and much, much more... Lem's books were translated into thirty six languages with over twenty seven million copies. Lem is best known to English readers for his 1961 novel Solaris, on which Russian film maker Andrei Tarkovsky based his 1971 film.

Stanislaw Lem Bibliography.
The Official Stanislaw Lem Site
Stanislaw Lem Biography, Works, Film and TV adaptations, etc

Books
Solaris
The Cyberiad : Fables for the Cybernetic age.
Fiasco
Eden
A Stanislaw Lem Reader (Rethinking Theory)
Tales of Pirx the Pilot
A Perfect Vacuum
The Futurological Congress (From the Memoirs of Ijon Tichy)
Memoirs of a Space Traveler : Further Reminiscences of Ijon Tichy
Imaginary Magnitude
The Chain ofChance
Mortal Engines
Peace on Earth
His Master's Voice
Highcastle : A Remembrance
Hospital of the Transfiguration
One Human Minute
The Investigation
Memoirs Found in a Bathtub

Leopold Sacher-Masoch

Leopold Sacher-Masoch

(1836--95)- invented the literary character of the Masochist in the 1870s. Masochism - psychosexual disorder in which erotic release is achieved through having pain inflicted on oneself. The opposite of sadism. Masoch was a successful novelist with over ninety books to his name. One book made him famous - "Venus in Furs", which is based on real events from the author's life. In it he described his passion to be beaten and bruised by his ideal woman.

Leopold von Sacher-Masoch Biography, Galician Storyteller, The Legacy of Cain, Philosemitism and Feminism, Private Life, Later Years, Sacher-Masoch and Masochism
Biography of the Original Masochist Leopold von Sacher-Masoch Part 1 Part 2 Part 3
The cultural legacy of Sacher-Masoch Welcome to Ukraine
Leopold von Sacher-Masoch

Books
Venus in Furs
The Confessions of Wanda von Sacher-Masoch by Wanda Von Sacher-Masoch
Venus in Furs, a Novel : Letters of Leopold Von Sacher-Masoch and Emilie Mataja
Masochism : Coldness and Cruelty by Gilles Deleuze, Leopold Von Sacher-Masoch
The master masochist: tales of sadistic mistresses
Light for Others and Other Jewish Tales from Galicia (Studies in Austrian Literature, Culture, and Thought Translation Series)

Ludwig von Mises

Ludwig von Mises

1881 - 1973 Taught economics in Austria, warning against the dangers of both communism and fascism. With the Nazis threatening Austria, he fled to England where he spent almost the rest of his life. Known for his contribution to liberalism in economic theory and his belief in the power of the consumer. He was one of the most influential capitalist economists of the twentieth century.
Ludwig von Mises was one of the greatest economic thinkers in the history of Western Civilization. -- Ronald Reagan, Former President of the United States.

Older brother of Richard von Mises.

Discover Ludwig von Mises There is no kind of freedom and liberty other than the kind which the market economy brings about
Biography from The Ludwig von Mises Institute
Biography from The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics: Library of Economics and Liberty
Ludwig von Mises. Wikipedia

Books
Human Action : A Treatise on EconomicsHuman Action: A Treatise on Economics
The Anti-Capitalistic Mentality
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations
Liberalism : The Classical Tradition
Socialism : An Economic and Sociological Analysis
The Theory of Money and Credit

Richard von Mises

Richard von Mises

1883-1953 American mathematician and aerodynamicist who notably advanced statistics and the theory of probability. Fundamental advances in boundary-layer-flow theory and airfoil design. He was leading a team which constructed a 600-horsepower plane for the Austro-Hungarian army in 1915, joined the army and piloted that aircraft (in WWI). He was director of the new Institute of Applied Mathematics at the University of Berlin. In 1933, being not of Aryan descent, had to leave to Turkey. In 1939 moved to United States.

Younger brother of Ludwig von Mises.

Biography
Richard von Mises Life and Contributions
Richard Von Mises Facts, information, pictures

Books
Theory of Flight
Probability, Statistics and Truth
Advances in Applied Mechanics
Fluid dynamics
Positivism; A Study in Human Understanding.
Mathematical Theory of Probability and Statistics
Mathematical Theory of Compressible Fluid Flow (Dover Civil and Mechanical Engineering)

Andrey (Andrei) Sheptytsky

Andrey (Andrei) Sheptytsky

(1865 -1944) He was Archbishop-Metropolitan of Lviv (Head of the Greek Catholic church ) from 1900 to 1944. He strove for greater understanding and "the movement towards church unity" between the Christian Churches of East and West. His enormous devotion to his Church has been recognized world-wide. During Nazi occupation his behavior was contradictory. He wrote to the Pope and described the atrocities and mass murder being carried out against the Jews and the local population. He also protested to Himmler himself. He issued a pastoral letter entitled "Thou Shalt Not Murder.", in which he publicly threatened "with Divine punishment" any who "shed innocent blood" to be excluded from the sacraments. At the same time he is one of several Ukrainian leaders affixing their signatures to a letter they sent to Hitler, pledging support for the "New Order" in Europe and he blessed the Waffen-SS Galicia as it sets out to do battle in 1943. But the fact is that Szeptycki hid 21 jewish children in his own cathedral, and 183 more in convents and monasteries. "Approximately 500 monks and nuns had knowledge of these facts, but in spite of the death penalty for sheltering Jews and financial rewards for all informers, none of the Metropolitan's wards fell into Nazi hands."

The Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky Institute of Eastern Christian Studies
Andrey Sheptytsky wiki
Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Metropolitan Andrei Sheptytskyi who was called "the apostle of Ukrainian truth"
Servant of God: Andrey Sheptytsky from thefreelibrary.com

Books
Christian Social Ethics in Ukraine: The Legacy of Andrei Sheptytsky by Andrii Krawchuk
Pray for God's wisdom : the mystical sophiology of Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky by Andriy Chirovsky
Lvov Ghetto. Diary by David Kahana. Provides a virtual day-by-day account of conditions under which jews of Lvov lived and perished, from the July 194l - to the July 1944. And how he and his family was saved by Andrey Sheptytsky

Martin Buber

Martin Buber

(1878-1965) - born in Vienna, but from the age of three, in Lvov. German-Jewish religious philosopher, biblical translator and interpreter, and master of German prose style. Contemporary philosophy and theology were influenced by him, including the great Protestant thinkers Paul Tillich and Walter Nigg. The idea of a life of faith as a life of dialogue between man and God has its origin in the Bible, but Martin Buber distilled that concept into a philosophy that has illuminated much of scholarly and religious thought throughout the twentieth century.

Martin Buber from Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Buber Martin wikipedia
Buber Martin homepage
Martin Buber slide show of Buber's life, featuring quotations
Philosophers: Buber, Martin from open directory project.

Books
I and Thou
The Way of Man : According to the Teaching of Hasidism
Good and Evil
The Martin Buber-Carl Rogers Dialogue : A New Transcript With Commentary
Eclipse of God : Studies in the Relation Between Religion and Philosophy
Tales of the Hasidim : Book One : The Early Masters and Book Two : The Later Masters/Two Books in One
Ecstatic Confessions : The Heart of Mysticism (Martin Buber Library)
Moses : The Revelation and the Covenant
Martin Buber on Psychology and Psychotherapy : Essays, Letters and Dialogue (The Martin Buber Library)
A Believing Humanism : My Testament 1902-1965 (Rep)
On the Bible : Eighteen Studies by Martin Buber (Martin Buber Library.)
On Intersubjectivity and Cultural Creativity (Heritage of Sociology)
On Zion : The History of an Idea
Paths in Utopia (Martin Buber Library)
Kingship of God
The Text As Thou : Martin Buber's Dialogical Hermeneutics and Narrative Theology by Steven Kepnes

Weegee, (Arthur Fellig)

Weegee, (Arthur Fellig)

(1899-1968) His work for New York City newspapers and photosyndicates in the 1930s and 1940s brought him international attention. In addition to the hard-flash, frontal shots that were his trademark, Arthur Fellig made photographs with infrared flash and film, which allowed him to work as unobtrusively as possible. Weegee published several books and created a number of short films. He lectured on his work throughout the United States, Europe, and the Soviet Union. Today, Weegee's photographs are still exhibited worldwide, and his dedication to his art remains a major influence on photographers, professional and amateur alike.

Arthur Fellig Biography
Weegee (Arthur Fellig) Museum of Contemporary Photography
Weegee - Collection photography exhibition
Weegee Murder Is My Business

Books
Weegee's World by Miles Barth
Weegee's New York Photographs, 1935-1960 by Weegee
The Village (A Da Capo Paperback) by Weegee
Naked City (A Da Capo Paperback) by Weegee
Weegee (Masters of Photography Series)
Weegee : Naked New York
Weegee's People by Weegee, Arthur Fellig, Arthur F. Weegee

Muni, Paul (WEISENFREUND)

Muni, Paul (WEISENFREUND)

(1895-1967) - "the man with a thousand faces," was one of Hollywood's finest character actors. Born to a family of Polish-Yiddish actors, Muni began his stage career at age 12 after the family had emigrated to the United States (1902). He won the Academy Award as Best Actor of 1936 for his starring role in "The Story of Louis Pasteur". He also starred in "The Life of Emil Zola" (1937), "The Good Earth" (1937), the original "Scarface" (1932), "Angel on My Shoulder" (1946) and "I Am a Fugitive From a Chain Gang" (1932).

Paul Muni Biography, Early life and career, Broadway and Hollywood, Filmography
Paul Muni American actor | Britannica.com
PAUL MUNI PROFILE from Turner Classic Movies

Movies
Paul Muni at imdb.com

Books
Actor : The Life and Times of Paul Muni by Jerome Lawrence
Paul Muni; his life and his films by Michael B. Druxman
Paul Muni 164 Success Facts - Everything you need to know about Paul Muni

Alexius Meinong

Alexius Meinong

(1853-1920) - Alexius Meinong Ritter von Handschuchsheim - an Austrian philosopher who worked at the University of Graz. Born to a noble German family. Most famous for his contributions to axiology, or theory of values and for his theory of objects. Meinong maintained that objects remain objects and have a definite character and definite properties even if they have no being. Meinong most notably provided original contributions to ontology and metaphysics, to epistemology, and to value theory.

Major work and biography
Plato and Meinong
The philosophy of Alexius Meinong
Alexius Meinong Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
All about Meinong Life, Work, Literature, etc

Books
The Transformation of Positivism : Alexius Meinong and European Thought, 1880-1920 by David F. Lindenfeld
"Wahrheit Suchen und Wahrheit Bekennen".Alexius Meinong: Skizze seines Lebens. by Evelyn Dolling
Meinong (Arguments of the Philosophers) by Reinhardt Grossmann, Grossman
Nonexistent Objects : Meinong and Contemporary Philosophy
Alexius Meinong's Elements of Ethics : With Translation of the Fragment Ethische Bausteine
The Logic of International Objects : A Meinongian Version of Classical Logic
Meinongian Logic : The Semantics of Existence and Nonexistence
Meinong's Theory of Knowledge by Marie-Luise Schubert Kalsi

Muhammad Asad

Muhammad Asad

(1900-1992) one of the most prominent Muslim thinkers of the twentieth century. He was born Leopold Weiss in Lwow, the son of a Jewish barrister and grandson of an orthodox rabbi. In 1926, he converted to Islam and became Muhammad Asad. "The great mistake (of the fundamentalists)," he once explained, "is that most of these leaders start with the hudud, criminal punishment. This is the end result of the sharia (Islamic Law), not the beginning. The beginning is the rights of the people. There is no punishment in Islam which has no corresponding right."

Muhammad Asad on wikipedia
Muhammad Asad Visionary Islamic Scholar
The Road from Mecca: Muhammad Asad
The remarkable story of a Jew on his road to Mecca

Books
The Message of the Quran
Islam at the Crossroads
The Road to Mecca
The Principles of State and Government
Sahih Al-Bukhari : The Early Years
This Law of Ours and Other Essays

Louis B. Sohn

Louis B. Sohn

( 1914-2006) Louis B. Sohn is of the world's foremost international law scholars. Sohn began teaching at Harvard in 1946, and was named Bemis Professor of International Law in 1961. Sohn pioneered courses on UN law, international human rights, the law of the sea, and the protection of the environment. He took part in the San Francisco Conference that established the United Nations. He worked at the United Nations on the settlement of international disputes, disarmament, human rights, and law of the sea. He co-wrote with Grenville Clark, World Peace through World Law , which has been translated into a dozen languages and is now in its third edition.

The Clark-Sohn Proposal for World Law and Disarmament
Louis B. Sohn Biography
Louis B. Sohn, Passionate Supporter of the U.N., Dies at 92from New York Times
Louis B. Sohn Fellowship | Center for International Environmental Law

Books
The Law of the Sea in a Nutshell by Louis B. Sohn, Kristen Gustafson
Guide to Interpretation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
The Movement of Persons Across Borders (Studies in Transnational Legal Policy, No 23)
Broadening the Role of the United Nations in Preventing, Mitigating or Ending International or Internal Conflicts That Threaten International Peace
The Law of the Sea in a Nutshell
Rights in Conflict : The United Nations & South Africa

Karl Radek Bernhardovich

Karl Radek Bernhardovich

(1885 - 1939) - Communist propagandist and early leader of the Communist International (Comintern). The failure of the Comintern to effect a Communist takeover in Germany contributed to the decline of Radek's influence, and in 1924 he lost his seat on the central committee of the Communist party. Expelled from the party in 1927, he was readmitted in 1929. A brilliant writer for the government newspaper Izvestia, he was also appointed to the commission that prepared the 1936 Soviet constitution. In January 1937, at the second show trial of the Great Purge, he confessed his guilt to the fabricated charge and was sentenced to 10 years in prison. There is strong evidence to suggest that he died in 1939 in a prison.

Karl Radek Biography
Karl Radek's Biography from Learning Network.
KarlBerngardovich Radek (Sobelsohn) from britannica.com
Biography from wikipedia

Books
Portraits &Pamphlets (Essay Index) by Karl Radek
Karl Radek : The Last Internationalist by Warren Lerner
Engine of Mischief Biography of Karl Radek by Jim Tuck
Karl Radek in Deutschland : Revolutionar, Intrigant, Diplomat
Auf zum letzten Verhuor : Erkenntnisse d. verantwortl. Hofnarren d. Revolution Karl Radek by Joachim Steffen

Albert Franz Doppler

Albert Franz Doppler

(1821-1883) - Classical Composer. Director of the Vienna Court Ballet. Debuting at the age of 13, Albert Franz Doppler was a successful flutist, composer and conductor. Was working with the German Theatre and the Hungarian National Theatre. His music contains aspects of Russian and Hungarian music and his primary influence in the establishment of The Hungarian Philharmonic Orchestra is noteworthy. Doppler arranged Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsodies. His operas included "Judith" (his only German opera), and a Russian work entitled "Benyovsky".

Biography
Biography from allmusic.com
FRANZ DOPPLER at Classical Music
Franz Doppler

Composition Highlights

Salomea Krushelnytska

Salomea Krushelnytska

(1872 - 1952) - was one of the great dramatic sopranos of her time. Her fame spread from Russia to Italy. She was granddaughter of a Ukrainian writer - Hryhoriy Savchynskyi. She made her debut at Lemberg in 1892, soon afterwards appearing in Odessa and Cracow. In 1896 she sang in Italy for the first time. Her very last opera appearances were in Naples in 1920 ( "Lohengrin" and "Lorelea"). By that time she had over fifty operas in her repertoire. The musical circles in Europe and Americas recognized Salomea Krushelnytska as one of the greatest opera singers of first quarter twentieth century. In 1939 she came back to Lvov and from 1946 she taught at the Lysenko Conservatory there.

Salomea Krusceniski from Great Singers of the Past
Biography of Salomea Krushelnytska from LvivBest.com
Salomea Krushelnytska (Kruszelnicka/ Krusceniski) from forgottenoperasingers.com

Stefan Banach

Stefan Banach

(1892--1945) - Mathematician, born in Krakow, Poland but lived and died in Lvov, He is regarded as one of the founders of functional analysis, and he founded an important school of Polish mathematicians. Made major contributions to the theory of topological vector spaces. In addition, he contributed to measure theory, integration, and orthogonal series. Keywords: Banach space, Hahn-Banach theorem, the Banach-Steinhaus theorem, the Banach-Alaoglu theorem, the Banach fixed point theorem, the Banach-Tarski paradoxical decomposition of a ball and more.

Life and work of Stefan Banach.
Stefan Banach International Mathematical Center
Stefan Banach wikipedia
Prominent Poles Stefan Banach

Books
Theorie Des Operations Lineaires by Stefan Banach
Through a Reporter's Eyes : The Life of Stefan Banach by Roman Kauza
Stefan Banach: Remarkable Life, Brilliant Mathematics

Johann Lhotsky

Johann Lhotsky

(1795 - 1866) - writer, physician, naturalist and explorer. The first European explorer to reach the Benambra area (Australia) and to climb Mt Kosciusko in 1834. Lhotsky arrived in Sydney in 1832 to carry out botanical and zoological research and spent some time at the Hobart survey office. In 1838 he sailed for London (where he eventually died).

Johann Lhotsky Biography
Johann Lhotsky from Published Sources. History of Australian Science and Technology Bibliography
John Lhotsky wikipedia

Books
A journey from Sydney to the Australian Alps : undertaken in the months of January, February, and March, 1834 by John Lhotsky
Dr. John Lhotsky : the turbulent Australian writer, naturalist, and explorer

Ludwik(Ludwig) Fleck

Ludwik(Ludwig) Fleck

(1896-1961) - Fleck is widely recognized as a pioneer of the constructivist-relativist trend in philosophy of science. He introduced the notion of the relativity of diseases. The definition of a disease is arbitrary and depends solely on the thought-style within which it is studied. In 1935/36 Fleck published his major philosophical monograph, "Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact", written in German and translated into English, forty years later. Fleck served as a physician in the Lwow ghetto where he developed a typhus immunization. He survived Auschwitz and Buchenwald and emigrated to Israel 1956.

Ludwik Fleck
Ludwik Fleck from stanford.edu
Ludwik Fleck: Founder of the philosophy of modern medicine
LUDWIK FLECK PRIZE Awarded annually for the best book in the area of science and technology studies.
Cancer and Wisdom of the Body: Ludwick Fleck

Books
Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact
Cognition and Fact : Materials on Ludwik Fleck (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science No 87) by R. S. Cohen
Ludwik Fleck, Leben und Denken : zur Entstehung und Entwicklung des soziologischen Denkstils in der Wissenschaftsphilosophie by Thomas Schnelle

Simon Wiesenthal

Simon Wiesenthal

- survived concentration camps (including Mauthausen and, shown in Spielberg's Schindler's List , Plaszow). As a founder and head of the Jewish Documentation Center in Vienna, Wiesenthal was a longtime Nazi hunter who, with the cooperation of the Israeli, West German, and other governments, tracked down some 1,000 war criminals.

Simon Wiesenthal biography from Jewish Virtual Library
Simon Wiesenthal biography from Wikipedia
Simon Wiesenthal Center Multimedia Learning Center Online
Simon Wiesenthal Center
Tribute to Simon Wiesenthal

Books
The Sunflower: On the Possibilities and Limits of Forgiveness
Dangerous Diplomacy : The Story of Carl Lutz, Rescuer of 62,000 Hungarian Jews
Simon Wiesenthal : A Life in Search of Justice by Hella Pick
Simon Wiesenthal (Importance Of) by Linda Jacobs Altman
Sunflower by Simon Wiesenthal
Krystyna : The Tragedy of the Polish Resistance (Studies in Austrian Literature, Culture, and Thought, Translation Series)

Andrzej Mostowski

Andrzej Mostowski

(1913-1975) Foundations of mathematics (recursion theory, first order logic, model theory, second-order arithmetic). He was influenced by Kuratowski, Lindenbaum and Tarski. During the war he continued working in the 'Underground Warsaw University' but after Warsaw uprising of 1944 much of his research was lost(some reconstructed later). From 1946 until his death he worked at the University of Warsaw.

Andrzej Mostowski biography
83 works in 407 publications in 9 languages
Andrzej Mostowski and Foundational Studies
Andrzej Mostowski wiki

Books
Foundational studies : selected works
Set theory and hierarchy theory : a memorial tribute to Andrzej Mostowski : Bierotowice, Poland, 1975
Sentences Undecidable in Formalized Arithmetic by Andrej Mostowski

Tadeusz Sendzimir

Tadeusz Sendzimir

(1894-1989) one of the greatest innovators in the steel industry. His methods of processing steel and metals used in every industrialized nation of the world. 85 to 90 percent of the world's stainless steel passed through the Sendzimir process by the early 1980s. In 1974, Sendzimir received the Brinell Gold Medal from the Royal Academy of Technical Sciences in Stockholm, the engineer's equivalent of the Nobel Prize, personally presented by King Gustav of Sweden. On the 100th anniversary of the Statue of Liberty, he was one of those prominent immigrants honored for their contributions to America.

The Sendzimir at wikipedia
Tadeusz Sendzimir (Sędzimir) from Prominent Poles
Sendzimir process wiki

Books
Steel Will : The Life of Tad Sendzimir by Vanda Sendzimir

Maurice Goldhaber

Maurice Goldhaber

(1911–2011) U.S. physicist whose contributions to nuclear physics include the discovery that the nucleus of the deuterium atom consists of a proton and a neutron. The slow-neutron scattering studies he made in 1937 were essential to the development of the first nuclear reactors. In 1938, with his wife, Gertrude Scharff Goldhaber (also a physicist), he demonstrated that electrons and beta rays are the same. In 1940 he discovered that beryllium is a good moderator (a material that slows down fast neutrons so they more readily split uranium atoms), and it has since been widely used in nuclear reactors.
President Clinton named Maurice Goldhaber as the winner of the Enrico Fermi Award, given for a lifetime of achievement in the field of nuclear energy.

Maurice Goldhaber wikipedia
Goldhaber Distinguissed Postdoctoral Fellowships
Maurice Goldhaber The Enrico Fermi Award

Books
A Festschrift for Maurice Goldhaber

Jan Lukasiewicz

Jan Lukasiewicz

(1878-1956) - known as the founder of the first non-classical logical calculus and as one of the most prominent and significative logicians of this century. He introduced a bracketless logical notation('Polish notation'), which allowed expressions to be written unambiguously without the use of brackets and developed an axiomatic treatment of Aristotelean syllogistic. His studies were to form the basis for Tarski's work. In 1946 he moved to Dublin where he remained until his death.

Biography of Jan Lukasiewicz
Life and work of Jan Lukasiewicz
Jan Łukasiewicz from stanford.edu
Biography

Books
Aristotle's Syllogistic from the Standpoint of Modern Formal Logic by Jan. Lukasiewicz
Aristotle Lukasiewicz on the Principle of Contradictionby Frederick Seddon

Leo Fuchs

Leo Fuchs

(1911 - 1994) was known as the comedian from Galicia. A leading actor of the American Yiddish theatre, Leo Fuchs has also played comedy characters in English-language productions. Leo Fuchs was starred as Nat Silver in the Yiddish-language American Matchmaker (1940) and was featured in such films as The Frisco Kid (1975) and Barry Levinson's Avalon (1990; as Hymie Krichinsky).


Leo Fuchs(Laybl Springer) The Yiddish Fred Astaire
Leo Fuchs actor at the Internet Movie Database.
Leo Fuchs Tries on a New Mask of Laughter from latimes.com

Zbigniew Herbert

Zbigniew Herbert

(1924 -1998) was a leading poet of twentieth-century Poland and an unyielding critic of communism. His writings have been translated into almost every European language. Herbert won many Polish and foreign literary awards, including the Koscielski Prize(1963), the Austrian Nikolaus Lenau Preis (1965), the Herder Prize (1973), and the Jerusalem Prize (1990).

Biography from Polish culture.
Zbigniew Herbert at the complete review
Zbigniew Herbert at Poets.org

Books at Amazon

Juliusz Pawel Schauder

Juliusz Pawel Schauder

(1899-1943) - mathematician... fixed point theorems for finite dimensional spaces, fixed point theorems for Banach spaces. His 1934 paper on topology and partial differential equations is of major importance. Existence proofs for complicated nonlinear problems using his fixed point theorem have become standard. The topological method developed in the 1934 Leray-Schauder paper ... is now utilised not only to obtain qualitative results but also to solve problems numerically on computers. Shot by Gestapo in October 1943.

Biography Juliusz Schauder
Personal Reminiscences and memoriesfrom Juliusz Schauder Center for Nonlinear Studies.
Juliusz Schauder Biography

Books
Theorems of Leray-Schauder Type and Applications
Orientation and the Leray-Schauder Theory for Fully Nonlinear Elliptic Boundary Value Problems
Schauder's Estimates and Boundary Value Problems for Quasilinear Partial Differential Equations
Schauder Bases in Banach Spaces of Continuous Functions
Schauder Bases : Behaviour and Stability (Pitman Monographs and Surveys in Pur and Applied Mathematics, Vol 42)

Lotka, Alfred James

Lotka, Alfred James

(1880 - 1949) - chemist, demographer, ecologist and mathematician who formulated the Lotka-Volterra equations of predator/prey interaction. He was called 'the father of mathematical demography'. Of Lotka's many publications the two best known are the Theorie analytique des associations biologiques (1939) that provides the basis of modern mathematical demography, and Elements of mathematical Biology (1925) that looks at the whole of the living world from a physico-chemical perspective.(the first book on mathematical biology)

Biography of Alfred Lotka

Chrono-Biographical Sketch: Alfred J. Lotka
Alfred Lotka Life, Major publications
Lotka-Volterra Predation Model

Books
Analytical Theory of Biological Populations (The Plenum Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis) by Alfred J. Lotka
The Money Value of a Man (Public Health in America Series). by Louis I. Dublin, Alfred J. Lotka
Elements of Mathematical Biology
Global Dynamical Properties of Lotka-Volterra Systems by Y. Takeuchi

Lubka Kolessa

Lubka Kolessa

(1902 - 1997) recognized by the international music world as a frontrank concert pianist. In 1920, she received the Master Class Diploma and the State Prize, then the highest award in Austria. Kolessa emigrated to Canada in 1940, where she resided in Toronto. She continued performing in major centers of North America - including engagements with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra - until about 1950, at which time she became Canada's premier piano professor.


Legendary Treasures - Lubka Kolessa
Lubka Kolessa at wikipedia
Lubka Kolessa at Classical Music

Alexandra Marinina

Alexandra Marinina

(1957) popular Russian writer. For 10 years (1979 - 1989) she worked in milicia as a criminology specialist. She has written more then 30 novels, published in 170 editions, over 17 million copies, translated into over 20 languages.
A television series "Kamenskaya" based on eight of Marinina's novels was shown on national Russian TV, Germany, France and other countries.

Alexandra Marinina official site in Russian.
Alexandra Marinina from The Internet Movie Database (IMDb)
Alexandra Marinina wiki

Books
Too many to list. Here is the list from Amazon

Viktor Chukarin

Viktor Chukarin

(1921-1984) was first of the great Soviet gymnasts, who won 11 medals in international competition, twice in the overall classification and three times in individual events.
Eighteen-times champion of the USSR.
He was prisoner in a concentration camp during World War II for 4 years.

Viktor Chukarin Biography and Statistics - Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
Viktor Chukarin wikipedia
Viktor Chukarin from International Gymnastics Hall of Fame

Emanuel Ax

Emanuel Ax

(born 1949) (Piano)
Known for his poetic lyricism and brilliant technique. One of today's best known and most highly regarded musicians. Winner of the first Artur Rubinstein International Piano Competition. In 1987 Ax became an exclusive Sony Classical artist.

Official Website on Sony Music
Emanuel Ax wikipedia
Artist's Biography
Emanuel Ax News - The New York Times News about Emanuel Ax. Commentary and archival information about Emanuel Ax from The New York Times.

Stanislaw Skrowaczewski

Stanislaw Skrowaczewski

A major conducting figure and a highly regarded composer. Skrowaczewski's interpretations of the Bruckner symphonies have earned him the Gold Medal of the Mahler-Bruckner Society, while his programming of contemporary music at the Minnesota Orchestra has been acknowledged by five ASCAP awards.


Stanislaw Skrowaczewski Biography.
Music Associates of America Roster ~ Stanislaw Skrowaczewski Biography
The Official Home of Conductor and Composer Stanislaw Skrowaczewski

Alexander Beliavsky - Chess

Alexander Beliavsky

Won the World Junior Chess Championship in 1973 and the USSR Chess Championship in 1974,1980, 1987 and 1990.
Twice a World Championship Candidate.
He currently lives in Slovenia and he plays for the Olympic team there.


The chess games of Alexander Beliavsky career statistics,
most famous victories, chess opening analysis.
Alexander Beliavsky wikipedia
Beliavsky, Alexander G FIDE Online Personal card

Yuri Bashmet

Yuri Bashmet

born 1953 in Rostov-on-Don in Russia but spent his childhood in Lvov in the Ukraine.
Indisputably the world's greatest living violist. In 1976, Bashmet won first prize at the International Viola Competition in Munich. He has appeared with all the world's leading orchestras including the Berlin Philharmonic, Royal Concertgebouw, Boston Symphony, Chicago Symphony, Montreal Symphony and Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestras and London's Philharmonia and London Philharmonic Orchestras.

Yuri Bashmet at wikipedia. Biography, awards.
Yuri Bashmet at International Classical Artists
Yuri Bashmet | Biography, Albums, & Streaming Radio | AllMusic

Grigory Yavlinsky

Grigory Yavlinsky

is a Russian economist and politician. He is best known as the author of the 500 Days Programme, a plan for the transition of the USSR to a free-market economy, and for his leadership of the social-liberal Yabloko party.
He ran twice for Russia's presidency.
Author of over 60 books and publications translated into English, German, French and Japanese


Grigory Yavlinsky Wiki
Chairman of the Russian Democratic Party YABLOKO

Books by Grigory Yavlinsky

Any list would be incomplete without such important historical personalities as

Some other names, for which I was not able to gather information yet: Rose Rand, Redl Alfred, Roman Rosdolsky, Moriz Rosenthal, Adam Zagajewski, Anzhelika Varum

For more names, visit Wikipedia - it has 2 big lists of famous people who have called this city home: List of famous Leopolitans and Famous People from Lviv